Piriformis syndrome is a pain condition involving the piriformis muscle, as well as the sciatic nerve. This muscle begins deep within the buttocks and is attached at both the lower back and the top of the femur. The function of this muscle is to rotate the hip, and turn the leg and foot outward, motions we make in our daily lives. The piriformis muscle is also involved in balance and stabilization during ambulation or walking around. The sciatic nerve runs along this same area and transmits pain information from the legs, buttocks, and lower back to the brain.
A wide range of treatment options are available to manage the discomfort associated with the condition. These can range from physical therapy treatments, such as heat or ice therapy, to more significant interventions, such as the nerve block. Individuals are encouraged to speak with their doctor about the risks and benefits associated with each treatment option available.